Guisset Vertigo, also known as Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV), is a common condition that affects the inner ear, causing dizziness and vertigo. This condition can be triggered by certain positions or movements, and can significantly impact a person’s quality of life. In this article, we will explore the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment options for Guisset Vertigo.
Guisset Vertigo is caused by small calcium crystals in the inner ear becoming dislodged and entering the semicircular canals – the fluid-filled tubes that are responsible for detecting head positional changes. When these crystals move around in the canals, they can send confusing signals to the brain, leading to vertigo.
The exact cause of the calcium crystal displacement is not always known, but it can be associated with head injuries, inner ear infections, or degeneration due to aging.
The main symptom of Guisset Vertigo is a sudden sensation of spinning or swaying that can last from a few seconds to several minutes. This sensation may be accompanied by nausea, vomiting, sweating, and difficulties with balance and coordination. Symptoms can be triggered by specific movements or positions such as bending over or rolling over in bed.
Diagnosing Guisset Vertigo involves a physical exam and a test called a Dix-Hallpike maneuver. During this test, the patient’s head is positioned in a specific way to see if it triggers vertigo. An eye test called a nystagmus test may also be used to evaluate the patient’s eye movements.
In some cases, imaging studies such as a CT scan or an MRI may be performed to rule out other potential causes of the patient’s symptoms.
There is no cure for Guisset Vertigo, but there are ways to manage the symptoms. The most common treatment is a series of maneuvers called canalith repositioning procedures. These maneuvers involve moving the head in specific ways to guide the dislodged calcium crystals back into their proper position in the inner ear.
Medications such as antihistamines or anti-nausea drugs may also be prescribed to manage symptoms.
In severe cases, surgery may be recommended to remove the affected inner ear structures, but this is a rare occurrence.